MASKMOVQ (Intel x86/64 assembly instruction)
Store Selected Bytes of Quadword
아래 표를 해석하는 방법은 x86-64 명령어 레퍼런스 읽는 법 글을 참조하시기 바랍니다.
Selectively write bytes from mm1 to memory location using the byte mask in mm2. The default memory location is specified by DS:DI/EDI/RDI.
Instruction Operand Encoding
Stores selected bytes from the source operand (first operand) into a 64-bit memory location. The mask operand (second operand) selects which bytes from the source operand are written to memory. The source and mask oper-ands are MMX technology registers. The memory location specified by the effective address in the DI/EDI/RDI register (the default segment register is DS, but this may be overridden with a segment-override prefix). The memory location does not need to be aligned on a natural boundary. (The size of the store address depends on the address-size attribute.)
The most significant bit in each byte of the mask operand determines whether the corresponding byte in the source operand is written to the corresponding byte location in memory: 0 indicates no write and 1 indicates write.
The MASKMOVQ instruction generates a non-temporal hint to the processor to minimize cache pollution. The non-temporal hint is implemented by using a write combining (WC) memory type protocol (see "Caching of Temporal vs. Non-Temporal Data" in Chapter 10, of the Intel(R) 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual, Volume 1). Because the WC protocol uses a weakly-ordered memory consistency model, a fencing operation imple-mented with the SFENCE or MFENCE instruction should be used in conjunction with MASKMOVQ instructions if multiple processors might use different memory types to read/write the destination memory locations.
This instruction causes a transition from x87 FPU to MMX technology state (that is, the x87 FPU top-of-stack pointer is set to 0 and the x87 FPU tag word is set to all 0s [valid]).
The behavior of the MASKMOVQ instruction with a mask of all 0s is as follows:
No data will be written to memory.
Transition from x87 FPU to MMX technology state will occur.
Exceptions associated with addressing memory and page faults may still be signaled (implementation dependent).
Signaling of breakpoints (code or data) is not guaranteed (implementation dependent).
If the destination memory region is mapped as UC or WP, enforcement of associated semantics for these memory types is not guaranteed (that is, is reserved) and is implementation-specific.
The MASKMOVQ instruction can be used to improve performance for algorithms that need to merge data on a byte-by-byte basis. It should not cause a read for ownership; doing so generates unnecessary bandwidth since data is to be written directly using the byte-mask without allocating old data prior to the store.
In 64-bit mode, the memory address is specified by DS:RDI.
IF (MASK = 1) THEN DEST[DI/EDI] <- SRC[7:0] ELSE (* Memory location unchanged *); FI; IF (MASK = 1) THEN DEST[DI/EDI +1] <- SRC[15:8] ELSE (* Memory location unchanged *); FI; (* Repeat operation for 3rd through 6th bytes in source operand *) IF (MASK = 1) THEN DEST[DI/EDI +15] <- SRC[63:56] ELSE (* Memory location unchanged *); FI;
Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent
void _mm_maskmove_si64(__m64d, __m64n, char* p)
See Table 22-8, "Exception Conditions for Legacy SIMD/MMX Instructions without FP Exception," in the Intel(R) 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual, Volume 3A.